The ozone layer - factsheet [toc] What is ozone? Tropospheric, or ground level ozone, is not emitted directly into the air, but is created by chemical reactions between oxides of nitrogen (NOx) and volatile organic compounds (VOC). At these sites NOOzone concentration in the planetary boundary layer strongly varies with space and time. EEK! This beneficial ozone has been partially destroyed by manmade chemic…
Negative Impacts of Tropospheric Ozone on Forests, Trees, Crops and Plants.
Composition and StructureInformation This type of ozone has severe effects on health and the environment.Formation of tropospheric ozone occurs through a combination of volatile organic chemicals and carbon monoxide as well as nitrogen oxides which reacts with sunlight energy. Biological uptake of COS by soils has been documented, but its significance on a global scale is not well constrained. Because plant species naturally differ in rates of VOC production, land use and other global changes that result in shifts in species composition are likely to profoundly alter VOC emissions to the atmosphere.
The bad type of ozone is causing plants to weaken and/or die. These standards apply to the concentration of a pollutant in outdoor air. EPA’s national and regional rules to reduce emissions of pollutants that form ground level ozone will help state and local governments meet the Agency’s national air quality standards. Ozone is one of the six common air pollutants identified in the Clean Air Act. Physics, Astrophysics and AstronomyI have read and accept the Wiley Online Library Terms and Conditions of UseA reassessment of the economic effects of ozone on United States agriculturePhysiological and biochemical responses of two cultivars of wheat to elevated levels of COAssessing the future global impacts of ozone on vegetationSurface ozone in China and its possible impact on agriculture crop yieldsExperimental study of single and interactive effects of double COA model predicting stomatal conductance and its contribution to the control of photosynthesis under different environmental conditionsProgress in Photosynthesis Research, vol. Ozone occurs both in the Earth's upper atmosphere and at ground level. 2 Habitat quality and water together with nutrient cycles change due to ozone.All maps, graphics, flags, photos and original descriptions © 2020 worldatlas.com Close to large emissions sources, e.g., in cities or close to busy streets ozone concentrations are reduced because of the chemical reaction of OOzone concentrations are generally strongly dependent on meteorological conditions. Exposures over an extended period lead to lung damage and abnormal development of lungs in children. Ozone affects sensitive vegetation and ecosystems, including forests, parks, wildlife refuges and wilderness areas. Lichens are also capable of COS uptake, likely representing a small but nontrivial sink. Any queries (other than missing content) should be directed to the corresponding author for the article.Please check your email for instructions on resetting your password. Spatial and temporal patterns of CH Effects of global change on VOC emissions have not been characterized as well as for other trace gases; nevertheless, changes in VOC emissions are likely to occur. Health effects arising from ozone air pollution include difficulty in breathing and pain in deep breaths. and PaleomagnetismBiological People living with asthma and children, who have not fully developed lungs, are at high risk from effects caused by ozone air pollution. I. OverviewEffects of ozone, sulfur dioxide, soil water deficit, and cultivar on yields of soybeanSources and sinks of carbon from land‐use change in ChinaA diagnostic experimental study of the composite influence of increasing OA semi‐empirical model of methane emission from flooded rice paddy soilsImpact of aerosol indirect effect on surface temperature over east AsiaEffect of rising Asian emissions on surface ozone in the United StatesSix ‘new’ episodes of trans‐Pacific transport of air pollutantsThe economic benefits to agriculture of a reduction of low‐level ozone pollution in the NetherlandsInfluence of NOx emissions from ships on tropospheric photochemistry and climateConsequences of elevated carbon dioxide and ozone for foliar chemical composition and dynamics in trembling aspen (Populus tremuloides) and paper birch (Betula papyrifera)China's environment in a globalizing world—How China and the rest of the world affect each otherStudy on spatial pattern of land‐use change in China during 1995–2000A numerical simulation of the impacts of ozone in the ground layer atmosphere on crop photosynthesisCurrent status and recent changes of cropland in China: An analysis based on Landsat TM dataChina's changing landscape during the 1990s: Large‐scale land transformation estimated with satellite dataSpatial and temporal patterns of nitrogen deposition in China: Synthesis of observational dataEvidence of a long‐term increase in tropospheric ozone from Pic du Midi data series: Consequences: Positive radiative forcingStimulating the growth response of aspen to elevated ozone: A mechanistic approach to scaling a leaf‐level model of ozone effects on photosynthesis to a complex canopy architectureSeasonal characteristics of tropospheric ozone production and mixing ratios of east Asia: A global three‐dimensional chemical transport model analysisLinking local air pollution to global chemistry and climateHuman influences on the global nitrogen budget and their implications for the global carbon budgetToward Global Planning of Sustainable Use of the Earth: Development of Global Ecos‐EngineeringGlobal climate change and terrestrial net primary productionInteractive effects of nitrogen deposition, tropospheric ozone, elevated COSimulating ozone effects on forest productivity: Interactions among leaf‐canopy and stand‐level processesThe impact of tropospheric ozone on leaf number duration and tuber yield of the potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) cultivars Bintje and KardalThe relationship between nitrogen deposition, species composition and foliar nitrogen concentrations in woodland flora in the vicinity of livestock farmsCharacterizing patterns of global land use: An analysis of global croplands dataReplication‐free optimal designs in regression analysisQuantifying plant response to ozone: A unifying theoryOzone pollution and terrestrial ecosystem productivity (in Chinese)Influence of ozone pollution and climate variability on net primary productivity and carbon storage in China's grassland ecosystems from 1961 to 20001:1,000,000 soil database of China and its application (in Chinese)Proceedings of 10th National Congress of Soil Science of ChinaA national ozone biomonitoring program—Results from field surveys of ozone sensitive plants in northeastern forests (1994–2000)Present and future emission of air pollutants in China: SOGenerating surfaces of daily meteorological variables over large regions of complex terrainModeling primary productivity of the terrestrial biosphere in changing environments: Toward a dynamic biosphere modelEffect of interannual climate variability on carbon storage in Amazonian ecosystemsThe sensitivity of terrestrial carbon storage to historical atmospheric COClimatic and biotic controls on annual carbon storage in Amazonian ecosystemsRegional carbon dynamics in monsoon Asia and its implications for the global carbon cycleInteraction of ozone pollution and light effects on photosynthesis in a forest canopy experimentSome relationships between the biochemistry of photosynthesis and the gas exchange of leavesA model for studies of tropospheric ozone and nonmethane hydrocarbons: Model description and ozone resultsImpact of emissions, chemistry and climate on atmospheric carbon monoxide: 100‐year predictions from a global chemistry‐climate modelA global interactive chemistry and climate model: Formulation and testingA study of the effect of ozone on crop (in Chinese)Experimental study of impacts by increasing ozone concentration on winter wheatPattern and change in soil organic carbon storage in China: 1960s–1980sThe effects of ozone on respiration of the plants Fuchsia hybrida Voss.
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