Numerous scientific studies have linked particle pollution exposure to a variety of problems, including:Particles can be carried over long distances by wind and then settle on ground or water. PM deposited directly to the soil can influence nutrient cycling, especially that of nitrogen, through its effects on the rhizosphere bacteria and fungi. Because of this, it's important for people to understand which particles are the most problematic so that they can adequately protect themselves. Increased PM may reduce radiation interception by plant canopies and may reduce precipitation through a variety of physical effects. Atmospheric particulate matter (PM) is a heterogeneous material. At the present time, evidence does not support large regional threats due to un-speciated PM, though site-specific and constituent-specific effects can be readily identified. Small particles less than 10 micrometers in diameter pose the greatest problems, because they can get deep into your lungs, and some may even get into your bloodstream.People with heart or lung diseases, children, and older adults are the most likely to be affected by particle pollution exposure.PM can stain and damage stone and other materials, including culturally important objects such as statues and monuments. Small particles less than 10 micrometers in diameter pose the greatest problems, because they can get deep into your lungs, and some may even get into your bloodstream.
Alkaline cation and aluminum availability are dependent upon the pH of the soil that may be altered dramatically by deposition of various classes of PM. Exposure to a given mass concentration of airborne PM may lead to widely differing phytotoxic responses, depending on the particular mix of deposited particles. Effects of particulate matter on vegetation and ecosystems 2.1. ScienceDirect ® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V.Copyright © 2003 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.ScienceDirect ® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V. A regional effect of PM on ecosystems is linked to climate change. PM is an inescapable part of life.
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